Kappen met die massale ontbossing voor Bio-Massa

Het begint nu wel heel erg op te vallen dat er op belachelijke schaal bomen gekapt worden. Er vindt een enorme kaalslag plaats in de NL’se bossen. Bos verdwijnt om ruimte te geven aan heide. Lanen met prachtige bomen die verdwijnen. Wat ook de agenda achter de massale bomenkap mag zijn, het wordt tijd om daar mee te kappen!

Men verzint allerlei redenen waarom er bos moet verdwijnen. Bijvoorbeeld om plaats te maken voor andere soorten natuur, zoals heide of stuifzand. Het is ingegeven door Europese klimaatdoelstellingen.

In de wet natuurbescherming staat dat elke boom die gekapt wordt gecompenseerd moet worden, maar dat geldt niet wanneer bos gekapt wordt voor andere natuur. Uit onderzoek van de Wageningen Universiteit bleek al dat het bosareaal tussen 2013 en 2017 met 5400 hectare is afgenomen.

Het klimaatbeleid is gebaseerd op verdienmodellen en met levende bomen verdient men niets. Dus zijn ze goed om de biomassacentrales te laten branden. Dat levert niet alleen veel geld op, maar de Europese klimaatdoelstellingen schrijft eveneens voor dat we naar andere energievormen moeten, ook als deze in wezen slechter zijn voor de natuur, het milieu en de gezondheid.

Dus worden we niet alleen opgescheept met windmolens en zonnepanelen die slecht zijn voor flora en fauna, maar worden er ook massaal bomen gekapt. Ook stelt men dat bomen plotseling onveilig zouden zijn?

Ondertussen probeert Staatsbosbeheer om met onderstaand filmpje bezorgde mensen gerust te stellen. Maar gaat dit nog wel overtuigen nu de massale houtkap wel heel erg begint op te vallen? Het klinkt aantrekkelijk: “aanplanten van nieuw bos en jonge bomen nemen meer CO2 op”, maar hoeveel jaar duurt het voordat een boom volgroeid is?

Bovendien, wanneer je rigoureus bomen kapt in een bestaand bosgebied, wordt eveneens het hele ecosysteem van de bodem vernield. Natuurmonumenten en Staatsbosbeheer komen dan ook steeds meer onder vuur te liggen.

Hoeveel mooie redenen ze ook verzinnen om op deze belachelijke schaal te blijven kappen, het wordt steeds duidelijker dat er ook andere belangen achter de bomenkap zitten. Hout voor de biomassacentrale is een leuk verdienmodel nu de subsidiekraan aan deze organisaties grotendeels is dichtgedraaid.

Biomassa heeft onterecht een groen imago. De verbranding zou een CO2-neutraal proces zijn omdat bij het stoken van houtsnippers geen extra CO2 vrijkomt. Volgens wetenschappers is biomassa echter helemaal niet duurzaam en stoot in werkelijkheid meer CO2 uit. Bovendien duurt het jaren voordat geplante bomen volwassen zijn.

Zo adviseerde de stikstof-commissie onder leiding van Johan Remkes het kabinet eind vorig jaar al om te stoppen met subsidies voor het bijstoken van biomassa.

Er is op dit moment in Nederland niet eens voldoende hout. Veel hout komt uit de Verenigde Staten. Momenteel wordt alleen al vanuit de Amerikaanse staat North Carolina 3 miljoen ton hout naar Europa vervoerd, om deze industrie van brandstof te voorzien. Dat zijn miljoenen bomen.

Toch wordt biomassa gezien als oplossing en goed alternatief voor fossiele brandstoffen. Is vernietiging van bos duurzame oplossing?

Voor Nederland geldt dat biomassa verantwoordelijk is voor bijna 61% van alle duurzame energie die in ons land wordt geproduceerd.

Het kabinet wil voor de komende twintig jaar 14 miljard aan subsidies uittrekken om te kunnen investeren in energie uit biomassa. Er moet dus nog een andere verborgen agenda aan ten grondslag liggen.?

Ondertussen kapt men bomen terwijl men claimt dat er teveel aan CO2 is. Dat terwijl men wél lege vliegtuigen laat vliegen om de vliegrechten te behouden. Het is niet logisch. Sterker nog, de massale bomenkap is krankzinnig! Met dit beleid wordt een niet-bestaand zogenaamd probleem — een te hoge CO2-waarde — vanzelf een self fulfilling prophecy.

Mensen moeten in verzet komen tegen de bomenkap; het is één van de grootste misdaden gepleegd door de mens op de natuur. Bomen zijn onze filters, bieden ons zuurstof. Zonder bomen is er geen leven. Het klimaatbeleid is slecht voor de natuur en nog slechter voor de mens.

Het is een paard van Troje om draconische regels in te voeren. De eerste rechtszaak om biomassa uit bomen als klimaatmaatregel te verwijderen uit de EU-hernieuwbare energierichtlijn is reeds begonnen.

Ellaster / Crickey Conservation Society 2020.

The Largest Mangrove Forest in the World

The largest mangrove forest in the world is @ Sundarban. It is located in the two south Asian countries between Bangladesh and India. Most part of Sundarban lies in Bangladesh. The area of Sundarban is nearly 10,000 square kilometer on which 6000 km2 is situated in Bangladesh and rest of the part is in India.

Sundarban is bounded by Khulna,Satkhira and Bagerhat district in the north reason. Bay of Bengal in the south reason. In the east there is Baleswar river, Perojpur and Barisal district and the river Raimangal and Hariabhanga is in the west which indicates partially Bangladesh boundary with Indian west Bengal.

From above, the Sundarbans mangrove forest is an impressive labyrinth of colors and textures. The clear blues of the Bay of Bengal run into the murky waters of criss-crossing river systems lined by emerald foliage.

Throughout history, locals have worshipped the goddess Bonbibi, or “lady of the forest.” According to one version of the story, Bonbibi was the daughter of a Sufi fakir, brought from Saudi Arabia to the jungles of South Asia.

There, she was chosen by God to battle the creature Dokkhin Rai, who took the form of a tiger and preyed on locals. Instead of killing Dokkhin Rai, Bonbibi made a bargain that he could not attack anyone who worshipped her.

The number of Royal Bengal Tiger was estimated 500 in 1993. This animal is very powerful and nice to look at. Sometimes the honey collectors become the victim of this carnivorous animal. As a precaution the honey collectors use mask on back portion of their head.

So that the tigers think the men are looking them eye to eye contact and the two faces men can create danger for them. Another beautiful animal in the Sundarban is spotted or chital deer. It is estimated 30,000 now. Rhino, wild Boar, Monkey, Fishing cats; Foxes, Pangolin, etc. are also the important kingdom of animal of Sundarban. Sundori is the main and valuable tree in the Sundarban.

In addition to the Bengal tiger—the only one of its species adapted to a mangrove environment—the forest has a wide array of wildlife, including rare species like the Indian python and Irrawaddy dolphins. Because of its wildlife and unique ecosystem, the Sundarbans was inscribed a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1987.

The animals’ habitat is under threat, however. Rising sea levels are swallowing the forest, and increasing water salinity is damaging plant and marine life—this has a domino effect on larger animals.

Under the strain of land loss, people are also encroaching on the animals’ habitat, tearing down trees to make space for farmland, and poaching. A 2004 census estimated around 440 tigers in the Sundarbans, and the population has steadily declined. More recent surveys estimate around 106 tigers in the Bangladeshi region.

Conservationists, along with the government, are working to preserve the Sundarbans and its wildlife. “We must do everything possible to save the remaining population and help people and tigers to coexist,” says Raquibul Amin, Bangladesh country director for the International Union for Conservation of Nature. “The Bengal tiger is the national icon of Bangladesh.

National Geographic / Crickey Conservation Society 2020.

Planet Earth Just Experienced second-Hottest Winter Ever Recorded

February 2020 was the second-hottest February ever recorded. And according to a Friday report by scientists at the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the Northern Hemisphere winter months as a whole – December 2019 through February 2020 – were also the second-hottest in recorded history.

According to the scientists, the first two months of 2020 also ranked as the second-warmest such period in the 141-year climate history record.

The global temperature in February 2020 “was the highest monthly temperature departure without an El Niño present in the tropical Pacific Ocean,” the NOAA noted. The El Niño is a series of climate variations that usually result in warm water along the equatorial Pacific region.

Record-warm December to February temperatures were observed across much of the western half of Russia and parts of Europe, eastern Asia, northern Australia and across the Atlantic, Indian and western Pacific Oceans.

Arctic sea ice coverage was 4% below the 1981-2010 average in February, while Antarctic ice coverage was 6.5% below that average, NOAA scientists added.

An analysis by the Ice Sheet Mass Balance Intercomparison Exercise (IMBIE), an international collaboration of polar scientists, released on March 11 revealed that polar ice caps in Greenland and Antarctica are melting six times faster than they were in the 1990’s.

The scientists found that the rapid melting of polar ice caps could lead to an “extra 17 centimeters of sea level rise by 2100.”

The United Nations’ World Meteorological Organization also revealed in early December that the past decade was the hottest ever experienced in recorded history.

NOAA / Crickey Conservation Society 2020.

US National parks are suddenly free to visit, But this might put people in danger

Three days of rejuvenation in Canyonlands National Park seemed the perfect bridge from winter to summer. But like so many other spring break national park escapes, our plans to pitch tents in the Needles Campground next week were undone by Corona-virus.

Confusion about whether it’s safe to social distance at national parks was heightened by U.S. Interior Secretary David Bernhardt’s announcement Wednesday that park fees would be waived. But, during the Corona-virus pandemic, it’s “irresponsible” to flock to wilderness areas, experts say.

The decision to waive park fees and encourage Americans to head to the great outdoors runs contrary to ongoing closures, public concerns—and to official White House guidance instructing that all gatherings of 10 or more people be canceled.

Bernhardt’s message drew condemnation from the National Parks Conservation Association and the Coalition to Protect America’s National Parks, where Phil Francis highlighted concerns about the virus’ contagiousness.

It is irresponsible to urge people to visit national park sites when gathering at other public spaces is no longer considered safe,” Francis said. “We are concerned that the Secretary’s decision to waive entrance fees will lead to overcrowding and a greater risk to the health and well-being of our NPS employees and visitors.

Options are quickly dwindling for a relaxing getaway within the National Park System. Though many NPS units remain open, facility and service closures are stacking up across the country, from Hawaii’s Pearl Harbor National Memorial (closed) to Virgin Islands National Park (the Cruz Bay Visitor Center has locked its doors, and food service and ranger programs at Trunk Bay have been suspended).

Iconic destination lodges have also closed their doors, including Yosemite’s Ahwahnee, the Grand Canyon’s El Tovar, and Zion National Park’s namesake lodge. On Friday, Xanterra Parks & Resorts, which runs the Zion Lodge, closed its other park lodgings in Grand Canyon, Death Valley, and Yellowstone until at least late May, with hopes the Corona-virus pandemic will wane before summer.

Utah health officials have gone so far as to post “not welcome” messages for the Beehive State’s southeastern corner, a traditionally crowded—and rowdy—spring break destination due to the Slickrock mountain bike trail system and the red-rock beauty of Moab, Arches, and Canyonlands National Parks.

So unprecedented is the Corona-virus threat that the National Park Hospitality Association, which includes most major park concessionaires and outfitters, wrote President Trump this week seeking rescue. Along with a waiver of franchise fees paid to the National Park Service, the association is also asking for current concessions contracts to be extended two years.

The American Alpine Club has asked its members to restrict recreational travel in order to “flatten the curve,” or keep Covid-19 cases at a manageable daily level for healthcare providers. “This is not the time to head to the desert or rally to your favorite national park for ‘social distancing,’” the club wrote.

Considering the closing of facilities and campgrounds and the threat of contracting COVID-19, your clearest option instead might be to spend spring break binging the Ken Burns and Dayton Duncan documentary, The National Parks: America’s Best Idea.

National Geographic / Crickey Conservation Society 2020.

USA and Brazil agree to develop Amazon

The USA and Brazil have agreed to promote private-sector development in the Amazon, during a meeting in Washington in 2019.

They also pledged a $100m (£80m) biodiversity conservation fund for the Amazon led by the private sector.

Brazil’s foreign minister said opening the rain forest to economic development was the only way to protect it? Ernesto Araujo also hit back at criticism of Brazil’s handling of the forest fires.

Araujo said: “We want to be together in the endeavor to create development for the Amazon region which we are convinced is the only way to protect the forest.

“So we need new initiatives, new productive initiatives, that create jobs, that create revenue for people in the Amazon and that’s where our partnership with the United States will be very important for us.”

Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro has faced criticism for failing to protect the region. However, more than 80,000 forest fires have broken out in the Amazon rain forest so far this year.

Experts believe the majority of the fires across Brazil this year are caused by human activity such as farmers and loggers clearing land for crops or cattle grazing.

Finland urged EU countries to consider stopping importing beef and soybeans from Brazil in order to put pressure on Brazil to tackle the fires.

Environmentalists will say this scheme is a ruse to open up the Amazon for mining, logging and farming.

When roads are driven into the forest it attracts more settlers, who clear land and hunt wildlife. The land clearance – even on a quite small basis – leads to changed weather patterns, which harm the forest.

Environmentalists will argue the best way of saving the rain forest is to leave it in the hands of indigenous people.

Environmentalists say Bolsonaro’s policies have led to an increase in fires this year and that he has encouraged cattle farmers to clear large areas of the rain forest since his election in 2018.

Now, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the (so-called) biodiversity investment fund would support businesses in hard to reach areas of the Amazon.

The Brazilians and the American teams will follow through on our commitment that our presidents made in March. We’re getting off the ground a 100 million dollar, 11-year Impact Investment Fund for Amazon biodiversity and that project will be led by the private sector.

On the opposite side, seven South American countries agreed on measures to protect their Amazon river basin.

Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru and Suriname signed a pact, setting up a disaster response network and satellite monitoring.

At a summit in the city of Leticia, Colombia they also agreed to work on reforestation. Goodwill alone is not enough anymore.

Crickey Conservation Society 2020.

Smoke from Australian Wild Fires reaching Brazil

Smoke from devastating bush fires in Australia that have led to the death of over two dozen people has reached South America.

According to the Brazilian Metsul Meteorologia company, smoke from the Australian fires is beginning to arrive in the northwest of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil’s southernmost state.

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison pledged to allocate 2 billion Australian dollars ($1.4 billion) to help his fire-hit country through the newly-established National Bush fire Recovery Agency.

The Australian prime minister specified that this new commitment would come in addition to the government’s emergency and disaster payments and support for volunteer firefighters.

Wildfires started burning in Australia in September 2019. But in the last few weeks, hot and dry weather has contributed to the rapid spread of bush fires, which have claimed at least 25 lives and have destroyed almost 2,000 homes.

The bush fire crisis in Australia is getting worse day by day. Nearly half a million animals have likely been killed or displaced by the blazes, but humans will also have a hand in bringing down the animal population.

The Australian government said that over 10,000 camels will be shot from helicopters because they are overrunning the drought-afflicted southern parts of the country.

The operation is set to begin on Wednesday and is expected to take around five days. The camels’ bodies will be left to dry off, where possible, before they are burnt or buried.

Sputnik / Crickey Conservation Society 2020.

Japan’s ‘Tuna King’ spends $1.8 million for a 267 kg Fish

A Japanese businessman known as the Tuna King really goes to great lengths when it comes to giving sushi lovers the “best” Bluefin tuna. This year he paid 193.2mn yen ($1.8mn) for one, the second-highest price on record.

It is the second year in a row that Kiyoshi Kimura, who heads a popular sushi restaurant chain, was the most successful bidder at the traditional New Year’s auction at Tokyo’s main fish market, Toyosu.

On Sunday, he bought a 276 kg (608-pound) Bluefin tuna, caught off the Aomori region in northern Japan, to please his customers.

The entrepreneur added that despite the high price, he was happy to win as it is the first New Year’s auction in the new era, Reiwa, which started in May of last year when Crown Prince Naruhito became the emperor.

A fish weighing just 2 kg more was sold for a record $3.1 million at last year’s auction in Tokyo – the most expensive tuna ever sold. The record belongs to Kimura, who is also famous for buying very expensive fish at past auctions.

Crickey Curacao Conservation Society 2020.